What are the Causes of Pigmentation and What are the Most Effective Treatments?


Freckles, dark patches, or discolouration are signs of the skin disease known as hyperpigmentation, also referred to as liver spots or sunspots. Body parts like the hands and face that are routinely exposed to sunlight are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation.

Although hyperpigmentation seldom causes injury, the unpleasant appearance of skin discoloration might lower your self-confidence. If this is the case, it makes sense that you would want to act. Non-invasive pigmentation removal is a popular choice.

Why Does The Skin Become Hyperpigmented?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when the body produces an excessive amount of melanin, the pigment that gives the skin its color. The body can produce too much melanin for a variety of causes, most of which are under your control. Now that you know what they are, what can you do to prevent hyperpigmentation?

UV Radiation

One of the most frequent causes of hyperpigmentation is sun exposure. Without adequate sun protection, such as SPF, excessive sun exposure may speed up the body’s production of melanin, causing hyperpigmentation and aging signs like fine lines and wrinkles.


Due to a combination of hormonal changes and sun exposure, many women notice a change in their complexion, particularly more pigmentation on their faces.

Levels of Hormones

Since hormones have an impact on skin health, anything that alters your hormones, such as birth control or pregnancy, may result in hyperpigmentation.

A type of hyperpigmentation called melasma develops as a result of hormonal changes, particularly during pregnancy. Although it can harm any area of skin that is exposed to the sun, it is more frequent on the chin, nose, and cheeks, which is why summertime is the worst for it.

Irritation of the skin

Hyperpigmentation risk may be enhanced by anything that causes inflammation in the skin, including common skin conditions like acne and the healing process after skin trauma or injury. When the skin heals, new cells take the place of the destroyed ones, and it’s possible that these new cells contain more melanin than the old ones did. Dark patches would then start to appear as a result of hyperpigmentation caused by melanin.

Hyperpigmentation Types


Melasma, also called “the mask pregnancy,” develops when your body experiences a hormonal fluctuation. It is more common in pregnant women. Massive darker skin patches, usually on your face, are one of the signs of melasma.

Age Marks

Age spots cause brown, black, or tan spots to appear on your skin when exposed to sunlight. They are most commonly noticed in people over the age of 40.

Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

A strong antioxidant is vitamin C. Research has shown that it reduces melanin production to prevent hyperpigmentation and may even boost collagen levels to provide UV damage protection.


This all-around element helps with hyperpigmentation as well.

It penetrates deeply into your skin, accelerates cell turnover, and interferes with the synthesis of pigment.

Pico Laser

Do you want to rejuvenate your appearance by getting rid of age spots and dark areas on sun-damaged skin? The first efficient and secure picosecond laser in the world for removing pigmentation is called a pico laser. Pigmented lesions, tattoos, wrinkles, and acne scars might all be removed using wavelengths to deal with any color.

With the revolutionary Pico laser pigmentation removal technology, you may rejuvenate your skin, achieve a younger-looking appearance, and achieve significantly clearer skin more quickly, with fewer sessions, and with little to no downtime.

The Pico laser emits extended bursts of picosecond (one trillionth of a second each) light directly at the skin pigmentation using potent light-based technologies. Breaking up pigmentation such as freckles, liver spots, age spots, sun spots, pigmented scars, and stretch marks is particularly effective when done with this laser light. In addition, the removal of pigmentation is faster with the pico laser than with earlier lasers. The Pico laser can totally remove hyperpigmentation like sunspots, which earlier lasers could only partially remove.